The MGCSW is mandated to promote gender equality, social justice, and safe guard the rights and welfare of women, children, persons with disability and other vulnerable groups. The scope of the mandate of the Ministry covers gender and women’s empowerment, child and social welfare functions.

The Ministry is responsible for formulation and implementation of policies and legislations for promotion of gender equality, women’s empowerment, child protection and welfare as well as social protection and welfare in South Sudan.